Represented by 2. It is any non rational experience of the world, in which an object presents itself in a pungent way, without considering our will or expectation. It is pure shock (the “outward clash”, cf. CP 8.4), an “it” without qualification, pure individuality. Pure Secondness always involves resistence, reaction, brutal force, compulsion, interruption, intrusion (Murphey, 1993, p.310). In 1885, Peirce found its better definition of genuine Secondness in the scholatic philosophy of Duns Scouts, who defines the haeceitas as a “here and now” (hic et nunc) of the experience, an isolated point or instance, pure discontinuity.